Mexico in Facts and Figures

Explore the largest Spanish-speaking country of the world!
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Mexico in Facts and Figures

Being the second most spoken language in the world, Spanish cannot be limited to Spain only. Let’s travel back across the Atlantic and explore a neighboring Spanish speaking country – Mexico!

🌶️ Fundamentals of Mexico

  • The flag of Mexico is a tricolor. Green, white and red stripes are arranged vertically; red stands for the Mexican people’s blood, green is for hope, and white in the middle is for purity. The image in the center is the Mexican coat of arms – a golden eagle eating a snake. The imagery dates back to an Aztec legend.
  • The official name of Mexico is very similar to that of the U.S. It goes like this: los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, which translates to English as “the United Mexican States”! And there are 31 Mexican states in total, plus the capital city – Mexico City.
  • The national language of Mexico is Spanish, however, there are 50 other tongues spoken in the rural areas of the country.
Mexican flag is a tricolor with a coat of arms in the center.
The flag of Mexico waving in the wind (image via

🌮 Mexican Food

  • World-famous Mexican staples tequila and tabasco have got their names from places in Mexico.
  • The world owes the joy of eating corn and chocolate to Mexico.
  • Mexico is one of the world’s leaders in the production of horse meat and salt. The country is home to the world’s largest sea salt plant.
  • Honey production is one of the major industries in Mexico; the country ranks third among the world’s exporters of the sweet substance.

You can learn more about the delicious national foods of Mexico here!

Workers cutting agave at Jose Cuervo tequila distillery inTequila, Jalisco, Mexico
Workers cutting agave at Jose Cuervo tequila distillery, the leading company of Tequila, town of Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico (image via

🐆 Mexican Wildlife

  • Every year Mexico becomes a seasonal home for millions of monarch butterflies migrating from the United States and Canada in search of warmer accommodation.
  • Mexico is home to a very rare rabbit species – volcano rabbit. It is the world’s second-smallest rabbit, with an average weight of 1 lb. As its name suggests, the animal inhabits areas around Mexican volcanoes.
  • The jungles of southern Mexico are home to the biggest wildcat in North America – the jaguar.
  • The world’s smallest dog – Chihuahua – has got its name from a state in Mexico.
  • Mexican scorpions are extremely poisonous and no less widespread within the country. Every year, scorpion stings kill more people in Mexico than snakebites.
Monarch butterflies migrate to Mexico from the U.S. and Canada.
Monarch Butterflies on a tree branch in Michoacan, Mexico (image via

🏔️ Record-Breaking Mexico

  • The geographical location of Mexico is one of the riskiest in the world – it occupies the zone with the highest tectonic activity, also known as the “Ring of Fire”. Earthquakes and volcano eruptions are not a rare occasion in the area.
  • Mexico is home to 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites; one of them is the Chichen Itza with its El Castillo Pyramid (also known as the Temple of Kukulcan), which was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.
  • Mexico occupies the 11th position in the world by population and the 13th in terms of the country area. It is thrice as large as Texas, and the country border between Mexico and the USA is the second-longest in the world.
  • Mexico City is one of the world’s biggest cities; it is also the oldest city in North America and the one with the highest elevation. It is the place where the first printing press in the North America was used in 1539, and also the home of UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México) - National Autonomous University of Mexico, which is the oldest in North America. Mexico City is now sinking quite rapidly due to the fact that it was built on a lake, and the growing population of the city needs more and more water, which is pumped out of the lake.
Popocatepetl is one of the active volcanoes in the “Ring of Fire”.
Popocatepetl in the morning (image via

🌵 Mexican Milestones

  • The first great civilization in Mexico was the Olmec, who worshipped a part-jaguar-part-human god. The mysterious Olmec civilization founded a lot of cities on the eastern coast of Mexico between 1400 and 300 B.C.
  • The first writing system in the Americas was developed by another Mexican civilization – the Zapotec, who lived between 600 B.C. and 800 A.D. They also founded a lot of big cities, but in the south of Mexico.
  • The Aztec had a ritual ball game called tlachtli. Those who lost in the game were sacrificed to gods. In fact, human sacrifice was a common practice in the Aztec civilization. Five priests with painted faces performed a ritual and cut the heart from the victim, who was still alive, to burn it in the temple. The sacrificed hearts were referred to as “precious eagle cactus fruit”.
  • Texas was declared independent from Mexico in 1836; before that, the state was a Mexican province.
  • Mexico once had three presidents within one hour. It happened in 1913. The shortest term was served by Pedro Lascurain, who held the post for 26 minutes.
Olmecs worshipped a god who was part human part jaguar.
A young man dressed in a traditional Mayan jaguar costume, Cancún, Mexico (image via

Learn more about Mexico with FunnySpanish: 

And now, a Spanish vocab game!
Start now and test your knowledge!
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