Speaking about Plans: Ir + a + Infinitive
There are many useful verbs in Spanish which, when combined with other verbs, make some structures we can use every day. Let’s learn a few of these verbs and the structures they enter to help us express our thoughts in a more effective way!
When we were studying the present progressive tense in Spanish, we mentioned that the present progressive tense form “to be going to do something,” which is very frequently used in English, cannot be rendered into Spanish with the help of Present Progressive. Now, the time has come to finally learn how to speak about your plans correctly!
To Be Going to in Spanish
In order to speak about the immediate future, combine the verb IR with the preposition A and a meaningful verb – the one that will explain what you are planning to do.
Make sure you do not leave the preposition out; otherwise, you’ll distort the structure!
To build different person and number forms, you only need to conjugate the verb IR. It is an irregular verb, so make ample use of the table of its present tense forms below:
Remember: the other verb in the structure will always remain unchanged! E.g.:
- Voy a comprar una revista nueva esta tarde.
I’m going to buy a new magazine this afternoon.
- ¿Vas a leer este periódico más tarde?
Are you going to read this newspaper later?
- Ella va a llevar puesto el vestido más boníto esta noche.
She is going to wear the most beautiful dress tonight.
- ¿Vamos a empezar mañana por la noche?
Are we going to start tomorrow night?
- ¿Vais a trabajar juntos hoy?
Are you going to work together today?
- ¿Van a viajar el año que viene?
Are they going to travel next year?
You may have noticed more useful words and phrases in these examples that can help you speak about the future. If you have not, please take a closer look at the bold print.
Moreover, you may also change the time period in the que viene formula (el semana que viene – next week, el mes que viene – next month, etc.) or specify the part of the day by replacing the word noche in mañana por la noche with tarde (afternoon) or mañana (morning) – don’t be confused by the repeating mañanas (mañana por la mañana – tomorrow morning), as it is perfectly correct.
There are more verbs that help to build useful everyday expressions, but we will continue talking about them next week. And now, let’s see if you have memorized everything you need to know about IR + a + infinitive formula!