Let’s set aside the complicated rules for a little while and brush up on some Spanish vocabulary basics! Learn the Spanish names for the days of the week, months and seasons of the year.
Days of the Week
Unlike the US week that starts on Sunday, the Spanish week begins on Monday.
Before you start memorizing the actual words, remember: in Spanish, days of the week (los días de la semana) do not start with a capital letter, unless they occupy the initial position in a sentence.
Another important thing you need to remember is that the Spanish names for the days of the week are usually used with an article, either singular or plural. Don’t worry, they are all masculine! The choice of the article depends on the meaning you would like to express:
- If you mean a particular day of a particular week, use the definite singular form of the article. Unlike in English, no preposition is required before the name of the day.
- If you mean a regular action you do on a certain day every week, use the definite plural form of the article. You can also add todos to emphasize the permanence of the action.
- Nada voy a hace el domingo. Voy a descansar.
- I’m not going to do anything on Sunday. I’m going to relax.
- Él va a la escuela todos los sábados también.
- He goes to school every Saturday, too.
If you want to refer to the weekend as a certain time of the week, rely on the phrase el fin de la semana.
Months of the Year
In Spanish, the names of months (los meses) are not capitalized either, unless, of course, they are the first word in a sentence. Unlike the days of the week, these are not used with an article.
If you want to say that something took, takes or will take place in a certain month, add the preposition en before the name of the month. E.g.:
- Me regreso a clases en septiembre.
- I’m going back to school in September.
- ¿Vamos a España en agosto de 2018?
- Let’s go to Spain in August 2018?
Seasons of the Year
The Spanish names for the four seasons of the year (las estaciones or épocas del año) are also used with the definite article.
Please note that the Spanish word for “spring” is feminine, while all the other seasons are masculine.
- Creo que la primavera es la época más linda de todas.
- In my opinion, spring is the most beautiful season of all.
- En Argentina, el invierno termina en septiembre.
- In Argentina, winter ends in September.
If you want to say "in winter" or "in" any other season in Spanish, use the preposition en. E.g.:
- Vamos a viajar en el verano.
- We are going to travel in summer.
It is quite difficult, though, to talk to Spanish-speakers about the seasons, as every Spanish-speaking country has a different understanding of the seasons in general. South American countries experience the change of seasons in reverse order, in comparison to that of the Northern Hemisphere: when it is fall in the US, Argentinians enjoy their spring, and so on. Some Spanish-speaking countries are located too up high in the mountains to ever see the snow thaw; others lie too close to the equator to know any season except summer!
Despite the complexities of usage, learning new foreign words is always a good thing! Let’s see if this article helped you add a lot to your Spanish vocabulary!